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Glossary

Ramadan: The Holy Month of Islam.

 

Sadaqah: Charitable giving (not obligatory like Zakat) Taraweeh: Evening prayer only in the month of Ramadan where 1/30 of the Quran daily is read until completion at the end of the month.

 

how to perform prayer or namaz or salah

Steps for Doing Prayer or Salah

 

1. Niyyat

 

Stand with respect and attention by facing kabah; put the world behind you. Bring hands to ears, palms forward, thumbs behind earlobes and Say, "I pray two rakah (or as many required for that time) Fard (if its Fard or say Sunnat if its Sunnat or say Wajib if its Wajib or Say Nafil if its Nafil) for Allah Face towards Kabah". If praying behind Imam add "Behind this Imam". It is called Niyat (Intention). Raise both of your hands next to each ears. Touch the lobes of your each ear with thumbs.Then say "Allahu Akbar". hold your knees with your hands. (Refer Picture 1 & 2)

 

(Picture 1 )

(Picture 2)

 

2. Qiyam

 

Then Recite “Audhu billahi minash-shaytanirrajim”

 

Then Recite “Bismillah Hir Rahmaanir Raheem”

 

Then Recite “Wajjahatu wajhiya lilladhi fataras samawati walarda hanifam Muslima, wa ma ana minal-mushrikin. ‘Inna salati wa nusuki wa mahyaya wa mamati lillahi rabbil alamina, la sharika lahu, wa bidhalika umirtu, waana minal-Muslimin.”

 

Then Recite “ Suratul Fatiah”

 

a) Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-alamin

b) Ar-Rahmanir-Rahim.

c) Maliki yawmid-Din.

d) Iyyaka nabudu wa iyyaka nastain

e) Ihdinas-siratal-mustaqim

f) Siratal-ladhina anamta alayhim

g)Ghayril-maghdubialayhim wa laddallin.

Then say, Ameen.

Then Recite Any Surah from Quaran or at least three Ayats in the First and second Rakath.

 

3.Ruku

 Then Say “Allahu Akbar” and bow (its called Ruku), hold your knees with your hands. The fingers should be separated with gaps in them. The back should be horizontally strait in line like a board. (Picture 23)

Recite, Subhaana Rabbiyal Adim" At least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat (Sunnat means what Prophet Mohammad peace be upon him liked to do). (Refer Picture 3 & 4)

 

 

(Picture 3)

(Picture 4)

4. Qauma

 

Then start to stand up saying, “Sami allahu liman hamidah” Start to say Sami when leaving Rookh (bowing poster) and end with Hamidah when you are fully errect.

Then Say say, "Allahhu Akbar" . (Refer Picture 5)

 

5.Sudjood

 

Now go to Sajdah (placing face on ground). In sajdah all the fingers of feet should be twisted so that the round soft part of the fingers is touching the ground. Hand fingers should be close to face and facing Kabah in strait line. Put enough pressure on nose so that the bone of nose should feel the hardness of earth Arms should be away from body like a bird opens the wings. (Refer Picture 6).

 

Then Recite, "Subhaana Rabbiyal Aala" at least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat.

(Picture 5 )

(Picture 6)

6. Qu’ud

It is recommended for the male to keep his elbows away from his sides in his sujud and in his ruku, and to keep his abdomen lifted away from his thighs in his sujud. However, the female keeps her elbows pulled in to her sides in her sujud and ruku and keeps her trunk close to her thighs in her sujud (figure-5c-). Recite “Rabbighfir li warhamni wajburni warfani warzuqni wahdini wa afini” while sitting (0 my Lord, forgive me, have mercy on me, fulfill my needs, raise me, provide for me, guide me, and protect me from sickness). It is also recommended to do the sitting with the left foot tucked under the buttocks while the right foot is kept vertical as in sujud (Refer Picture 7).

 

7. Sudjood Now go to Second Sujud is similiar to the first sujud. After the second sujud is fulfilled you have completed the first rakah (cycle) of the prayer. Stand up for the second rakah . It is recommended while doing so to say Allahu akbar. (Refer Picture 8)

 

Repeat steps1 to 7.

(Picture 7 )

(Picture 8)

After that Sit in the Second Rakath and recite

"Atthayyato Lillahe Wassalawato Wat Tayyebato Assalamu Alaika Ayyohan Nabiyo Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatoh Assalamu Alaina Wa Ala ibadillahis Sualaiheen Ashadu An La ilaah illal Laho Wa Ashadu Anna Mohammadan Abdohoo Wa Rasooluhoo"

When you reach at Ashadu An La raise your index finger of your right hand upward facing about 45 degrees by closing the fist, and drop it back and spread the hand to its original position at illal Laho.

Then Recitie , "Allah Humma Salle Ala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Sallaita Aala ibraheema Wa Ala Aalay ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed. Allah Humma Baarik Aala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Barakta Ala ibraheema Wa Ala Ale ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed."

 

8. Salah

Now turn your head towards right and say, "Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah" Now turn your head towards left and read the same as above, "Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah"
By Saying this Prayer is ended (Refer Picture 9 & 10)

(Picture 9 )

(Picture 10)

 

After Finishing the prayer say this dua "Allahu lailaha illa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyum, latakhudhuhusinatuwwala nawm,lahu mafis-samawati wama fil-ard,man dhalladhiyashfauindahuilla bidhnih, yalamu ma bayna aydihim wama khalfahum,wa la yuhituna bishayimminilmihi illa bima sha’,wasia Kursiyyuhus-samawati wal-ard, wa la yauduhuhifdhuhuma,wa Huwal- Aliyyul- Adhim.".

 

Meaning for this Dua: I start my recitation with the Name of Allah (the One Who deserves to be worshipped), Who is ar-Rahman (the One Who is very merciful to Muslims and non-Muslims in this life), and Who is ar-Rahim (the One Who is very merciful to Muslims only in the Hereafter).

Allah is the One Who is the Only God. He is the One Who is attributed with an eternal and everlasting Life (which is without soul, body, blood, bones or need for food). He is the One Who manages and takes care of the world and does not need any one and every one needs Him. He is not seized with somnolence or sleep. To Him belongs what is in the heavens and Earth. No one will intercede, on the Day of Judgment, except with His permission.

He knows all about His creation. They do not know except that which Allah allowed them to know.

His Kursiyy extends farther than the heavens and Earth and He is not exhausted from preserving them.

He is the One Who has the highest status (and does not need a place) and Who rightly has the attributes of exaltedness, glory, greatness, and purity from all imperfection.