Apprentice Act 1961

What is Apprentice Act 1961?

Object of the Act:

Apprentice Act 1961 Promotion of New manpower at skills. Improvement/refinement of old skills through theoretical and practical training in numberof trades and occupation.

Applicability of the Act:

According to Sec.1 Areas and industries as notified by the Central Government.

Qualification for being trained as an Apprentice:

Sec 3. A Person cannot be an apprentice in any designated trade unless

  • He is not more than 14 years of age;
  • He satisfies such standard of education and physical fitness as may be prescribed.

Period of Apprenticeship:

Training to be determined by the National Council.

Contract of Apprenticeship

According to Sec.4 To contain such terms and conditions as may be agreed to by the apprentice, or his guardian (in case he is a minor) and employers.

Obligations of ApprenticeTo learn his trade conscientiously, diligently.To attend practical and instructional classes regularly.To carry out all lawful orders.To carry out his contractual obligations.

Health Safety & Welfare measures for Apprentices
As per Factories Act or Mines Act as the case may be when undergoing training.

Hours of Work42 to 48 in a week while on theoretical training.42 in a week while on basic training.42 to 45 in a week in second year of training.As per other workers (in the third year).Not allowed to work between 10 PM to 04 AM unless approved by Apprenticeship Advisor.Leave and Holidays

  • Casual Leave for the maximum period of 12 days in a year.
  • Medical Leave for the maximum period of 15 days and the accumulated leave up to 40 days in a year.
  • Extraordinary leave upto a maximum period of 10 days in a year.


Payment of Apprentices

The employer to pay such stipend at a rate of not less than prescribed minimum rate as may be specified.


Employer’s liability to pay compensation for injuryAs per provisions of Workmen’s Compensation Act.


Offences & Punishment

Imprisonment of a term upto 6 months or with fine when employer

  1. Engages as an apprentice a person who is not qualified for being so engaged or
  2. fails to carry out the terms and conditions of a contract of apprenticeship, or
  3. contravenes the provisions of the Act relating to the number of apprentices which he is required to engage under those provisions.

Sec.30 & 31