Factories Act 1948

factories act 1948

Applicability of the Factories Act  1948

In Factories Act 1948 any premises whereon 10 or more persons with the aid of power or 20 or more workers are were without aid of power working on any day proceeding 12 months wherein Manufacturing process is being carried on employer to ensure health of workers pertains to

  • Cleanliness Disposal of wastes and effluents.
  • Ventilation and temperature dust and fume.
  • Overcrowding Artificial humidification Lighting.
  • Drinking water Spittoons.

Safety Measures

  • Facing of Machinery
  • Work on near machinery in motion.
  • Employment prohibition of young persons on dangerous machines.
  • Striking gear and devices for cutting off power.
  • Self acting machines.
  • Casting of new machinery.
  • Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers.
  • Hoists and lifts.

Working Hours

  • Weekly hours not more than 48.
  • Daily Hours, not more than 9 Hours.
  • Intervals for rest at least 1/2 hour on working for 5 hours.
  • Spreadover not more than 10 1/2 hours.
  • Overlapping shifts prohibited.
  • Extra Wages for overtime double than normal rate of wages.
  • Restrictions on employment of women before 6 AM and beyond 7 PM

Welfare Measures

  • Washing facilities.
  • Facilities for storing and drying clothing.
  • Facilities for sitting.
  • First-aid appliances – one first aid box not les than one for every 150 workers.
  • Canteens when there are 250 or more workers.
  • Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms when there are 150 or more workers.
  • Creches when there are 30 or more women workers.
  • Welfare office when there are 500 or more workers.


For Contravention of the provision of the Act or RulesImprisonment upto 2 years or fine upto Rs.1,00,000 or both.
On Contribution of ContraventionRs.1000 Per day
On Contravention of Chapter IV pertaining to safety or dangerous
Not Less than Rs.25000 in case of detah.
Not less than Rs.5000 in case of serious injuries.
Subsequent contravention of some provisions.Imprisonment upto 3 years or fine not less than Rs.10,000 which may extend to Rs.2,00,000.
Obstructing InspectorsImprisonment up to 6 months or fine up to Rs.10,000/- or both.
Wrongful disclosing result pertaining to results of analysis.Imprisonment upto 6 months or fine upto Rs.10,000/- or both
For contravention of the provisions of Sec.41B, 41C
and 41H pertaining to compulsory disclosure
of information by occupier, specific responsibility of occupier or right of workers to work imminent danger.
Imprisonment upto 7 years with fine upto Rs.2,00,000/- and on continuation fine @ Rs.5,000 per day.
Imprisonment of 10 years when contravention continues for one year.